Grade 9 - Virginia Science

Core: Virginia Ecology (Credit: 1.00)

This course focuses on ecology which is the branch of biology that deals with interactions between organisms and their environments. This course covers ecosystems dynamics, as well as the basic principles of earth science. Students will also study the effects of human activities on ecosystems, including the release of pollution, solid waste management, resource management, and energy conservation. Emphasis is placed on how individuals can help to conserve Earth’s environments for current and future generations. This course is aligned with Virginia’s standards for ecology. Course Materials Semesters 1 and 2: Required Biology: Exploring Life Lab Manual, Student ed. Neil Campbell, Brad Williamson, and Robin Heyden (Prentice Hall, 2004). ISBN-10: 0130642665 / ISBN-13: 9780130642660 Semesters 1 and 2: Optional This course includes the option of either hands-on or dry lab activities. Dry labs require no additional lab materials. Hands-on labs require specified materials. For a list of hands-on lab materials, go to

Core: Virginia Ecology Semester 1 (Credit: 0.50)

This course is only semester 1 of Virginia Ecology.

Core: Virginia Ecology Semester 2 (Credit: 0.50)

This course is only semester 2 of Virginia Ecology.

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