Grade 9 - Science

Core: Biology (Credit: 1.00)

Biology focuses on the mastery of basic biological concepts and models while building scientific inquiry skills and exploring the connections between living things and their environment. The course begins with an introduction to the nature of science and biology, including the major themes of structure and function, matter and energy flow, systems, and the interconnectedness of life. Students then apply those themes to the structure and function of the cell, cellular metabolism, and biogeochemical cycles. Building on this foundation, students explore the connections and interactions between living things by studying genetics, ecosystems and natural selection, and evolution. The course ends with an applied look at human biology. Scientific inquiry skills are embedded in the direct instruction, wherein students learn to ask scientific questions, form and test hypotheses, and use logic and evidence to draw conclusions about the concepts. Lab activities reinforce critical thinking, writing, and communication skills and help students develop a deeper understanding of the nature of science. The content is based on the National Science Education Standards (NSES) and is aligned with state standards. Course Materials Semesters 1 and 2: Required Biology: Exploring Life Lab Manual, Student ed. Neil Campbell, Brad Williamson, and Robin Heyden (Prentice Hall, 2004). ISBN-10: 0130642665 / ISBN-13: 9780130642660 Semesters 1 and 2: Optional This course includes the option of either hands-on or dry lab activities. Dry labs require no additional lab materials. Hands-on labs require specified materials. For a list of hands-on lab materials, go to http://support.apexlearning.com/materials.

Core: Biology Semester 1 (Credit: 1.00)

This course is only semester 1 of Biology.

Core: Biology Semester 2 (Credit: 1.00)

This course is only semester 2 of Biology.

Core: Earth Science (Credit: 1.00)

Earth Science offers a focused curriculum that explores Earth's composition, structure, processes, and history; its atmosphere, freshwater, and oceans; and its environment in space. Course topics include an exploration of the major cycles that affect every aspect of life, including weather, climate, air movement, tectonics, volcanic eruptions, rocks, minerals, geologic history, Earth's environment, sustainability, and energy resources. Optional teacher-scored labs encourage students to apply the scientific method. The content is based on the National Science Teachers Association (NSTA) standards and is aligned with state standards. Course Materials Semesters 1 and 2: Required Prentice Hall Earth Science Lab Manual, Student ed. Edward J. Tarbuck and Frederick Lutgens (Prentice Hall, 2006). ISBN-10: 0131258982 / ISBN-13: 9780131258983 Semesters 1 and 2: Optional This course includes the option of either hands-on or dry lab activities. Dry labs require no additional lab materials. Hands-on labs require specified materials. For a list of hands-on lab materials, go to http://support.apexlearning.com/materials.

Core: Earth Science Semester 1 (Credit: 0.50)

This course is only semester 1 of Earth Science.

Core: Earth Science Semester 2 (Credit: 0.50)

This course is only semester 2 of Earth Science.

Core: Environmental Science (Credit: 1.00)

Environmental Science explores the biological, physical, and sociological principles related to the environment in which organisms live on Earth, the biosphere. Course topics include natural systems on Earth, biogeochemical cycles, the nature of matter and energy, the flow of matter and energy through living systems, populations, communities, ecosystems, ecological pyramids, renewable and non-renewable natural resources, land use, biodiversity, pollution, conservation, sustainability, and human impacts on the environment. The course provides students with opportunities to learn and practice scientific skills within the context of relevant scientific questions. Scientific inquiry skills are embedded in the direct instruction, wherein students learn to ask scientific questions, deconstruct claims, form and test hypotheses, and use logic and evidence to draw conclusions about the concepts. Case studies of current environmental challenges introduce each content lesson and acquaint students with real-life environmental issues, debates, and solutions. Lab activities reinforce critical thinking, writing, and communication skills and help students develop a deeper understanding of the nature of science. Virtual Lab activities enable students to engage in investigations that require long periods of observation at remote locations and to explore simulations that enable environmental scientists to test predictions. Throughout this course, students are given an opportunity to understand how biology, earth science, and physical science are applied to the study of the environment and how technology and engineering are contributing solutions for studying and creating a sustainable biosphere. The content is specifically aligned to state standards and the NGSS standards for life science, earth science, physical science, and engineering, technology, and society. Semesters 1 and 2: Optional This course includes the option of either hands-on or dry lab activities. Dry labs require no additional lab materials. Hands-on labs require specified materials. For a list of hands-on lab materials, go to http://support.apexlearning.com/materials.

Core: Environmental Science Semester 1 (Credit: 0.50)

This course is only semester 1 of Environmental Science.

Core: Environmental Science Semester 2 (Credit: 0.50)

This course is only semester 2 of Environmental Science.

Core: Physical Science (Credit: 1.00)

Physical Science offers a focused curriculum designed around the understanding of critical physical science concepts, including the nature and structure of matter, the characteristics of energy, and the mastery of critical scientific skills. Course topics include an introduction to kinematics, including gravity and two-dimensional motion; force; momentum; waves; electricity; atoms; the periodic table of elements; molecular bonding; chemical reactivity; gases; and an introduction to nuclear energy. Teacher-scored labs encourage students to apply the scientific method. The content is based on the National Science Teachers Association (NSTA) standards and is aligned with state standards. Course Materials Semesters 1 and 2: Optional This course includes the option of either hands-on or dry lab activities. Dry labs require no additional lab materials. Hands-on labs require specified materials. For a list of hands-on lab materials, go to http://support.apexlearning.com/materials.

Core: Physical Science Semester 1 (Credit: 0.50)

This course is only semester 1 of Physical Science.

Core: Physical Science Semester 2 (Credit: 0.50)

This course is only semester 2 of Physical Science.

Honors: Biology (Credit: 1.00)

Biology is an in-depth course that furthers mastery of scientific skills, fosters a deep understanding of key concepts, and promotes the application of the scientific method to biological topics. The course begins with an introduction to the nature of science and biology, including the major themes of structure and function, matter and energy flow, systems, and the interconnectedness of life. Students then apply those themes to the structure and function of the cell, cellular metabolism, and biogeochemical cycles. Building on this foundation, students explore the connections and interactions between living things by studying genetics, ecosystems and natural selection, and evolution. The course ends with an applied look at human biology. Lab activities reinforce critical thinking, writing, and communication skills and help students develop a deeper understanding of the nature of science. Biology students are frequently asked to respond to scientific problems and issues via written assignments. Moreover, Exploration activities challenge Honors students to deconstruct scientific claims, analyze scientific articles, and suggest follow-up experiments or topics for further research. The content is based on the National Science Education Standards (NSES) and is aligned with state standards. Course Materials Semesters 1 and 2: Required Biology: Exploring Life Lab Manual, Student ed. Neil Campbell, Brad Williamson, and Robin Heyden (Prentice Hall, 2004). ISBN-10: 0130642665 / ISBN-13: 9780130642660 Semesters 1 and 2: Optional This course includes the option of either hands-on or dry lab activities. Dry labs require no additional lab materials. Hands-on labs require specified materials. For a list of hands-on lab materials, go to http://support.apexlearning.com/materials.

Honors: Biology Semester 1 (Credit: 0.50)

This course is only semester 1 of Honors Biology.

Honors: Biology Semester 2 (Credit: 0.50)

This course is only semester 2 of Honors Biology.

Honors: Earth Science (Credit: 1.00)

Earth Science is a robust course that explores Earth's composition, structure, processes, and history; its atmosphere, freshwater, and oceans; and its environment in space. Students are encouraged to look at Earth science from both personal and worldly perspectives and to analyze the societal implications of the topics covered. Laboratory experiments introduce students to different lab techniques while building their skills in critical thinking, inquiry, and observation. Course topics include an exploration of the major cycles that affect every aspect of life, including weather, climate, air movement, tectonics, volcanic eruptions, rocks, minerals, geologic history, Earth's environment, sustainability, and energy resources. The content is based on the National Science Teachers Association (NSTA) standards and is aligned with state standards. Course Materials Semesters 1 and 2: Required Prentice Hall Earth Science Lab Manual, Student ed. Edward J. Tarbuck and Frederick Lutgens (Prentice Hall, 2006). ISBN-10: 0131258982 / ISBN-13: 9780131258983 Semesters 1 and 2: Optional This course includes the option of either hands-on or dry lab activities. Dry labs require no additional lab materials. Hands-on labs require specified materials. For a list of hands-on lab materials, go to http://support.apexlearning.com/materials.

Honors: Earth Science Semester 1 (Credit: 0.50)

This course is only semester 1 of Honors Earth Science.

Honors: Earth Science Semester 2 (Credit: 0.50)

This course is only semester 2 of Honors Earth Science.

Honors: Physical Science (Credit: 1.00)

Physical Science is a thorough course that provides students with an understanding of the nature and structure of matter, the characteristics of energy, and the societal implications of physical science concepts. Using the scientific method — observation, data collection, analysis, hypothesis, and conclusion — students are encouraged to extend their knowledge through the development of scientific explanations, hypotheses, and conclusions. Course topics include an introduction to kinematics, including gravity and two-dimensional motion; force; momentum; waves; electricity; atoms; the periodic table of elements; molecular bonding; chemical reactivity; gases; and an introduction to nuclear energy. The content is based on the National Science Teachers Association (NSTA) standards and is aligned with state standards. Course Materials Semesters 1 and 2: Optional This course includes the option of either hands-on or dry lab activities. Dry labs require no additional lab materials. Hands-on labs require specified materials. For a list of hands-on lab materials, go to http://support.apexlearning.com/materials.

Honors: Physical Science Semester 1 (Credit: 0.50)

This course is only semester 1 of Honors Physical Science.

Honors: Physical Science Semester 2 (Credit: 0.50)

This course is only semester 2 of Honors Physical Science.

Science Foundations (Credit: 1.00)

Science Foundations provides students with opportunities to develop the knowledge, skills, and strategies necessary for success in rigorous high school science courses. The course is appropriate for use as remediation at the high school level or as a bridge to high school. Science Foundations is a two-semester course, with each semester containing 10 mini-units. Each mini-unit is composed of three lessons. The first lesson focuses on key concepts found in Earth science, physical science, and life science. The second lesson reinforces reading and math skills students need to be successful with the content introduced in the first lesson. The third lesson introduces scientific inquiry and critical thinking skills that will help students thrive in science as well as other disciplines. Carefully paced, guided instruction is accompanied by engaging and accessible interactive practice. Checkup activities provide an opportunity to review content prior to assessment. Practice activities offer an opportunity to apply concepts that were presented in Study activities. The course is based on the National Science Education Standards (NSES) for middle school science. Science Foundations is a two-semester course, with each semester containing 10 mini-units. Each mini-unit is composed of three lessons. The first lesson focuses on key concepts found in earth science, physical science, and life science. The second lesson reinforces reading and math skills students need to be successful with the content introduced in the first lesson. The third lesson introduces scientific inquiry and critical thinking skills that will help students thrive in science as well as other disciplines. Carefully paced, guided instruction is accompanied by engaging and accessible interactive practice. Checkup activities provide an opportunity to review content prior to assessment. Practice activities offer an opportunity to apply concepts that were presented in Study activities. The course is based on National Science Education Standards (NSES) for middle school science.

Science Foundations Semester 1 (Credit: 0.50)

This course is only semester 1 of Science Foundations.

Science Foundations Semester 2 (Credit: 0.50)

This course is only semester 2 of Science Foundations.





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